What are SKUs?
SKU is short for Stock Keeping Unit, it is also sometimes known as the product code (not to be confused with a barcode).
If you are selling products it is important to set up your inventory correctly and one of the most, if not the most important, part of this setup is the product SKU.
Why do SKUs matter?
Coding your products correctly makes it easy for you, and others, to find, search and reference products from lists, invoices, order forms etc.
Every variation of the product should have it’s own unique SKU. It acts like an abbreviation of the product details.
Example of good SKUs
If you’re selling novelty coffee mugs and they come in three different colors then the SKUs might look something like this:
Coffee Mug Red, model no.1 = CM01-R
Coffee Mug White, model no.1 = CM01-W
Coffee Mug blue, model no.1 = CM01-B
In the example we have used the color variant, which distinguishes the items, as the last value in the SKU. By suffixing the SKU with the variant, we make the SKU easy to comprehend whilst still grouping together all the coffee mugs with CM01 for ease of use.
To learn more about SKUs, check out our eBook on Inventory Management: Everything you need to know
Lets do a slightly more complex example. This time we’ll add in a couple of variants i.e. season, product name, product type, size and color.
Summer 2012, Gecko Tee, Small, Red = S12T-Gec-RS
Summer 2012, Gecko Tee, Medium, Red = S12T-Gec-RM
Summer 2012, Ladybird Tee, Small, White = S12T-Lad-WS
Summer 2012, Ladybird Tee, Medium, White = S12T-Lad-WM
In the example above we have provided each of the variants with a unique, but easy to understand SKU.
SKU Best Practices
Create SKUs that work for you. Make them simple enough so others would understand them. Use the first area of the SKU to group the products together and use the last part, after the dash, for the unique values.
Once you have your SKUs set up correctly you should find it much easier to manage orders and product lists. TradeGecko keeps to these best practices and we expect that each variant has it’s own unique SKU.
To help you set up these best practices within your current system, we've built an SKU generator that'll generate an SKU according to your product details.
And if you’re getting a little overwhelmed with your current system, check us out at tradegecko.com.