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A first-party logistic provider is any company that transports cargo, freight, goods or merchandise, and can refer to both the cargo sender (like a manufacturer delivering to customers) or the cargo receiver (like the retailer picking up cargo from a supplier).
Simply put, the entire logistics and distribution process is managed internally by the business. This method of logistics is relatively uncommon, as most businesses today outsource their logistics operations to external providers.
Australian red meat supplier Samex is a 1PL as it exports goods to wholesalers, distributors and supermarket chains worldwide using its own logistics operations.
Pros of 1PL
Cons of 1PL
The 1PL approach is typically used by large companies that have the volume and infrastructure to manage their entire supply chain internally.